Library and Archives Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Institutional links

Genealogy and Family History

Where to Search: Places


Historical Notes



The Atlas of Canada.

Manitoba was originally part of a vast territory granted to the Hudson's Bay Company in 1670.

From 1682, when York Factory was established, to 1812, which saw the arrival of the first settlers on the Red River, the only settlements were fur trading posts built by the French and the English. Both entered interracial marriages with the Native Peoples, thereby creating a large Métis population.

On November 19, 1869, the Government of Canada acquired all the land belonging to the Hudson's Bay Company, commonly called Rupert's Land.

On July 15, 1870, Manitoba became a province in the Canadian Confederation, though consisting only of the small region called the Red River Settlement. Manitoba's current borders were established in 1912.

The arrival of the railway in 1870 had a major effect on the population, which doubled in 20 years with the arrival of immigrants from eastern Canada, the United States and Europe.

Genealogists interested in ancestors who lived in Manitoba use the main kinds of genealogical sources. However, a large amount of information on ancestors can be found in land records, particularly "homestead" records.

In addition, researchers interested in Métis ancestors have a number of resources available on Native genealogy in Manitoba.

Provincial Websites

Archives of Manitoba

Centre du patrimoine, Société historique de Saint-Boniface


Hudson's Bay Company

Manitoba Archival Information Network

Manitoba Genealogical Society

Manitoba Legislative Library

The official provincial government Web site
[] contains useful information about the province and its historic records.

The Canadian Encyclopedia Online
[] allows you to learn more about the history, geography and people of Manitoba.

Many libraries hold reference books, local histories, family histories and other books on genealogy. Library and Archives Canada allows you to Browse Lists of Canadian Library Web Sites and Catalogues by province.

The sections on What to Search: Topics and Genealogy Links of this site can provide more useful information about how to do genealogical research in Manitoba. You can also access databases from our Directory of Canadian Genealogical Resources - AVITUS.